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Minimum Energy Performance in private rented homes

There is a minimum energy efficiency standard for private rented homes. This is set out in the 2018 Minimum Energy Efficiency Standard (EPC Band E). 

The standard means: 

  • landlords of relevant domestic private rented properties must not grant a tenancy to new or existing tenants if their property has an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of F or G (as shown on a valid EPC for the property). This has been the case since 2018
  • landlords must not continue letting a relevant domestic property which is already let if that property has an EPC rating F or G (as shown on a valid EPC for the property). This has been the case since April 2020. 

We will work with private landlords to help them understand what they need to do. Where they do not comply with the regulations further action may be taken against them. 

There is guidance for landlords on minimum energy efficiency standards on the Gov.UK website. 

Which properties are covered?

All domestic private rented properties in England must have an EPC rating of E or above if they are:

  • let under an assured tenancy, assured shorthold tenancy, regulated tenancy, or certain types of domestic agricultural tenancy, and
  • are legally required to have an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC).

For any property meeting these two points the regulations on minimum energy efficiency apply. The property type, length of tenancy, location, listed status, property size or other characteristics don't change this. 

A property which doesn't meet both points is not covered by the regulations. 


Landlords must normally make improvements to a property which raises the EPC to E before they let the property. 

In some cases they may be able to claim an exemption and let the property before the improvements have been made. A full list of exemptions and how to add the property to the exemption register is on Gov.UK.